A bony protrusion that forms on the side of the foot is referred to as a bunion. It is a misalignment of the bone underneath the big toe, and can be worsened by wearing shoes that are too tight. This ailment can cause severe pain and unwanted corns and calluses may form as a result of the protrusion. There are several ways to obtain temporary relief, including wearing a cushioned pad over the affected area and choosing to wear shoes with adequate room to accommodate the bunion. Additionally, it will benefit the general health of the foot to lose weight if obesity is a factor. For severe bunions, surgery may be the only option for permanent removal and may take several months for a complete recovery. It’s suggested to consult with a podiatrist for additional information about bunions.
What is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- <!––><!––>Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- <!––><!––>Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- <!––>Redness and inflammation
- <!––>Pain and tenderness
- <!––>Callus or corns on the bump
- <!––><!––>Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.