Research has indicated the ankle bears the weight of one and a half times the weight of the body. Additionally, it is comprised of several muscles, ligaments, and tendons, and can become strained if a fall should occur. This may easily happen if running and jumping activities are frequently practiced, or can occur suddenly while stepping off a curb unexpectedly. When ankle sprains occur, the supporting ligaments are stretched beyond their normal range. After a diagnosis is performed that generally consists of having an X-ray taken which is helpful in ruling out a fracture, the correct treatment begins. This often begins with resting and elevating the foot. Many patients find it is necessary to wrap the affected ankle with an elastic bandage, which may provide the support that is needed as the recovery process takes place. If you feel you have sprained your ankle, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the proper treatment.
Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?
Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.
What Are the Symptoms?
- Mild to moderate bruising
- Limited mobility
- Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)
Preventing a Sprain
- Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
- Stretching before exercises and sports
- Knowing your limits
Treatment of a Sprain
Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity. Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.
If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.