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18 February 2019

Symptoms of Hammertoe

It is relatively simple to detect the condition that is known as hammertoe. The middle toes are bent in a downward position, which may often be the result of wearing shoes that are too tight. This type of shoe may not provide adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Additionally, this may create an imbalance in the muscles of the toes and may cause difficulty in straightening the toe. The symptoms that are associated with hammertoe may include pain and discomfort, corns or calluses, or difficulty in walking. Treatment may include using appropriate cushioning on the affected toe or toes, and treating any corns or calluses that may be present. If you feel you have hammertoe, it is advised to consult with a podiatrist who can perform a proper diagnosis, followed by beginning the treatment that is right for you.

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<!–><!––><!––>Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.

Symptoms

  • <!––><!––>Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • <!––>Swelling
  • <!––>Joint stiffness
  • <!––><!––>Calluses/Corns
  • <!––>Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • <!––>Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • <!––>Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • <!––>Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • <!––><!––>Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe

Treatment

If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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11 February 2019

Wearing Proper Footwear May Avoid Certain Foot Conditions

The elder population may experience foot conditions as the aging process occurs. It is common for the feet to lose cushioning, and the skin and nails may become brittle and dry. Any foot sores that may be present may heal slowly as a result of poor circulation. Many patients experience corns and calluses, and research has indicated that if proper shoes are worn, these conditions may be avoided. Elderly people may suffer from ingrown toenails, which may often be caused by trimming the toenails improperly. If diabetes is a concern, proper care must be taken to ensure the feet are kept clean and dry. If there are sores or cuts present, it is suggested to seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can properly treat this condition, and offer guidance on how to properly take care of elderly feet.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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04 February 2019

Poor Circulation May Affect the Feet

The symptoms which are often experienced if you have poor circulation may be a tingling sensation in the hands and feet, in addition to feeling cold frequently throughout the day. Research has indicated it may be a symptom of a serious health issue which may include a heart attack or stroke. Poor circulation may develop as a result of a compromised blood flow, and this may prevent the body’s organs from receiving nutrients and oxygen. Some patients may notice muscle cramps in their feet, a general feeling of fatigue, or possibly pain and discomfort in the affected limbs. There may be measures that can be implemented which may help the symptoms of this condition, and these may include incorporating a gentle exercise program into your daily routine, and ingesting foods which can lead to a healthy lifestyle. If you are noticing any symptoms of poor circulation, it is advised to seek a consultation with a podiatrist who can properly diagnosis this condition.

Poor circulation is a serious condition and needs immediate medical attention. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is can be caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. This can restrict the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs are sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.

Causes

Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development. It can also cause:

  • Muscle pain, stiffness, or weakness   
  • Numbness  or cramping in the legs 
  • Skin discoloration
  • Slower nail & hair growth
  • Erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, as are those who are over 50. If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD, and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintaining a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions.

As always, see a podiatrist as he or she will assist in finding a regimen that suits you. A podiatrist can also prescribe you any needed medication. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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28 January 2019

Where Is the Achilles Tendon Located?

The largest tendon in the body is referred to as the Achilles tendon. It is located in the back of the calf, and it’s function is to connect the lower leg to the heel of the foot. Most tendons have the ability to stretch, and inflammation may occur if this tendon is overstretched. If this should occur, a tear may develop, and this condition is known as Achilles tendonitis. There are several noticeable signs that are associated with this ailment, specifically when the foot is bent in a downward position, including extreme tenderness, severe pain and discomfort. Additionally, the affected area may be stiff and difficult to bend upon arising in the morning. Many athletes may be affected by this condition, especially if their chosen sport involves frequent stopping and starting activities. If you feel you have injured your Achilles tendon, it is advised to speak to a podiatrist who can properly diagnosis and treat this uncomfortable condition.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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21 January 2019

What Is a Blister?

A blister is defined as a small area that is filled with fluid on the surface of the skin. It is typically the result of increased friction in that portion of the skin, and generally occurs when the foot regularly rubs against tight shoes. When blisters develop on the feet, it may be difficult and painful to walk, and equally hard to treat. There are several causes why this uncomfortable foot condition may develop, including wearing shoes and socks that are too tight, allergic reactions to an insect bite, or the debilitating condition known as frostbite which may damage blood vessels in the skin. Research has shown the average blister will heal on its own within a few days, and it’s important to leave them alone while they are filled with fluid. If you are noticing blisters on your feet often, it is suggested to speak with a podiatrist who can guide you in choosing the correct shoes which may alleviate this condition from occurring.

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<!–><!––><!––>Blisters may appear as a single bubble or in a cluster. They can cause a lot of pain and may be filled with pus, blood, or watery serum. If your feet are hurting, contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters are often the result of friction. This happens due to the constant rubbing from shoes, which can lead to pain.

What are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

Symptoms

(Blister symptoms may vary depending on what is causing them)

  • <!––>Bubble of skin filled with fluid
  • <!––><!––>Redness
  • <!––>Moderate to severe pain
  • <!––><!––>Itching

Prevention & Treatment

In order to prevent blisters, you should be sure to wear comfortable shoes with socks that cushion your feet and absorb sweat. Breaking a blister open may increase your chances of developing an infection. However, if your blister breaks, you should wash the area with soap and water immediately and then apply a bandage to the affected area. If your blisters cause severe pain it is important that you call your podiatrist right away.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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14 January 2019

Foot Ulcers and Dry Skin May Be Common in Diabetic Patients

Many diabetic patients are aware of the importance of properly taking care of their feet. A common condition that can affect this group of people may be a form of neuropathy, and this may inhibit the ability to feel any wounds or cuts that may be present on the feet. Additionally, the skin may become dry as a result of being diabetic, and measures can be taken that may provide moderate relief. This may include washing and drying the feet thoroughly, followed by utilizing a good moisturizer on most of the foot. It’s important to avoid applying this product between the toes, which may aid in preventing a possible infection. Diabetics may experience foot ulcers, which is an uncomfortable and painful condition that occurs on the bottom of the foot or under the big toe. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is strongly suggested to consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can determine the best course of treatment for you.

Diabetic foot care is important in preventing foot ailments such as ulcers. If you are suffering from diabetes or have any other concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. The condition can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, especially the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels, as blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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07 January 2019

Many Causes of Foot Pain

The symptoms of itchy and burning sensations in the feet may be indicative of an uncomfortable foot condition that is referred to as Athlete’s foot. In severe cases, the skin may become irritated and raw, and the toenails may be negatively affected. Another type of foot pain may originate from blisters that may form on the toes or on back of the heels. This may be a result of wearing shoes that do not fit properly, in addition to standing or walking for extended periods of time. Patients who have bunions are familiar with the bump that forms on the side of the big toe and may often be aware of difficulty in walking. Additionally, a common form of foot pain may be related to plantar fasciitis and will typically be felt in the heel and surrounding areas. If you are experiencing any form of foot pain, it is strongly advised to consult with a podiatrist who can provide expert guidance on the best course of treatment.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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02 January 2019

Ankle Sprains May Take Time to Heal

Research has shown that several athletes endure injuries to the ankles, and many of these are ankle sprains. It may also be common among the general population, and many people will experience this type of injury at some point in their lives. It generally occurs when the ankle rolls inward, and severe pain and discomfort may often accompany ankle sprains. It may happen as a result of suddenly stepping off a curb or falling from an extended height. This type of injury requires patience and time to heal properly, and walking on it must be executed gently. Once the ankle sprain has occurred, it’s important to rest the foot, which allows pressure to be taken off the ankle. Applying ice to the affected area may be helpful in alleviating a portion of the swelling that may be present, in addition to wrapping the foot in a bandage, which may be useful in applying pressure. If you have sprained your ankle, it is suggested to speak with a podiatrist as quickly as possible, so the correct treatment can begin.

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<!–><!––><!––>Although ankle sprains are common, they aren’t always minor injuries. If you need your ankle injury looked at, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains are the result of a tear in the ligaments within the ankle. These injuries may happen when you make a rapid shifting movement while your foot is planted. A less common way to sprain your ankle is when your ankle rolls inward while your foot turns outward.

What are the Symptoms?

  • <!––><!––>Pain at the sight of the tear
  • <!––><!––>Bruising/Swelling
  • <!––><!––>Ankle area is tender to touch
  • <!––><!––>In severe cases, may hear/feel something tear
  • <!––><!––>Skin discoloration

Preventing a Sprain

  • <!––><!––>Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • <!––><!––>Stretching before exercises and sports
  • <!––><!––>Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

In many cases, the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevate) is used to treat ankle sprains. However, you should see a podiatrist to see which treatment option would work best with your injury. In severe cases, surgery may be required.

It is important to ask your doctor about rehab options after you receive treatment for your injury. Stretching, strength training, and balance exercises may help the ankle heal while also preventing further injury.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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26 December 2018

Symptoms of a Broken Ankle

If you have fallen and have severe pain in your ankle, it may be broken. A noticeable symptom of this condition is extreme discomfort and an obvious deformity in the ankle and surrounding area. Walking will be unbearable as a result of the intense pain and swelling, and bruising may occur as the injury causes the blood to leak from the vessels. Many patients who have endured a broken ankle may be familiar with the painful feeling of crepitus, which is the name given to pieces of bone grinding together as a result of the broken ankle. After a proper diagnosis is performed, which will typically include having an X-ray taken. Once confirmation of a broken ankle is achieved, treatment can begin. This may include putting the ankle into a splint, cast, or walking boot. If you or someone you know has a broken ankle, it is suggested to speak with a podiatrist who can properly guide you to the best form of treatment.

Broken ankles need immediate treatment. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet. 

Broken Ankles
A broken ankle is experienced when a person fractures their tibia or fibula in the lower leg and ankle area. Both of these bones are attached at the bottom of the leg and combine to form what we know to be our ankle.

When a physician is referring to a break of the ankle, he or she is usually referring to a break in the area where the tibia and fibula are joined to create our ankle joint. Ankles are more prone to fractures because the ankle is an area that suffers a lot of pressure and stress. There are some obvious signs when a person experiences a fractured ankle, and the following symptoms may be present.

Symptoms of a Fractured Ankle

  • Excessive pain when the area is touched or when any pressure is placed on the ankle
  •  Swelling around the area
  •  Bruising of the area
  • Area appears to be deformed

If you suspect an ankle fracture, it is recommended to seek treatment as soon as possible. The sooner you have your podiatrist diagnose the fracture, the quicker you’ll be on the way towards recovery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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17 December 2018

Proper Foot Care May Prevent Certain Foot Conditions from Occurring

Many people are aware of how having healthy feet can benefit the overall health of the body. As the aging process occurs, it may become difficult to perform daily foot inspections, which may prevent specific foot conditions from occurring. When the feet are properly looked after, improved muscle strength may be noticed, walking may become easier, and having stronger feet may prevent unnecessary falling from occurring. When practicing certain preventative measures, foot ailments that may include bunions and fungal infections of the feet or toenails may be avoided. Additionally, frequent soaking of the feet may aid in properly trimming the toenails and may provide relief if an ingrown toenail is present. If you would like additional information about the importance of properly caring for elderly feet, it is advised to seek the counsel of a podiatrist.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Elderly Foot Care

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