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30 December 2019

Possible Causes of Painful Gout

The medical condition that is known as gout develops as a result of excess uric acid in the blood. This may cause crystals to form in the joints of the big toe, and can be quite painful and uncomfortable. Common symptoms that are typically associated with this condition can include swelling surrounding the affected area, redness, and extreme tenderness. This ailment can come from genetic factors, or from eating foods that have high levels of purines. When these types of foods are eaten, uric acid levels may increase. Foods that fall into this category can include shellfish, red meat, alcohol, and drinks that have excess sugar levels. There are measures that can be implemented which may help to prevent gout from developing. These can consist of eating healthier foods, losing weight, and drinking plenty of water daily. If you have gout, it is advised that you consult with a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain – Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort – Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion – May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics – If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications – Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age – Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet – Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol – Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity – Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms–including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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23 December 2019

Ankle Injury Happens To Maverick Guard Luka Doncic

Luka Doncic is a guard for the Dallas Mavericks and had to miss the game that was played against the Bucks after he sprained his ankle. The injury happened during the game against Miami, and the Mavericks lost during overtime with a score of 122-118. His injury was a significant factor in losing points for the team. The injury occurred when his right foot landed on the foot of another player. This is the first game he has currently not been able to play in, and has missed ten games in his rookie season as a result of minor injuries.

Ankle and foot injuries are common among athletes and in many sports. They can be caused by several problems and may be potentially serious. If you are feeling pain or think you were injured in a sporting event or when exercising, consult with one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Common Injuries

The most common injuries that occur in sporting activities include:

  • Achilles Tendonitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains
  • Broken Foot
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Stress Fractures
  • Turf Toe

Symptoms

Symptoms vary depending upon the injury and in some cases, there may be no symptoms at all. However, in most cases, some form of symptom is experienced. Pain, aching, burning, bruising, tenderness, tightness or stiffness, sensation loss, difficulty moving, and swelling are the most common symptoms.

Treatment

Just as symptoms vary depending upon the injury, so do treatment options. A common treatment method is known as the RICE method. This method involves rest, applying ice, compression and elevating the afflicted foot or ankle. If the injury appears to be more serious, surgery might be required, such as arthroscopic or reconstructive surgery. Lastly, rehabilitation or therapy might be needed to gain full functionality in the afflicted area. Any discomfort experienced by an athlete must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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16 December 2019

Treatment Options for a Broken Foot

A common cause of a broken foot is a traumatic fall. Additionally, it can happen gradually from repeated stress that occurs in the same area of the foot. This can develop from frequently participating in sporting activities that involve running and jumping. The symptoms that many patients experience include severe pain and discomfort, an inability to walk, and the foot may become swollen or bruised. After a proper diagnosis is performed, which typically consists of having an X-ray taken, treatment can begin. The type of treatment may depend on the severity of the fracture. Effective methods can consist of wearing a boot or cast. If your foot is severely fractured, surgery may be necessary to repair the affected bones. If you have broken your foot, please consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible to begin treatment.

A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury. 

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue in color
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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09 December 2019

Exercising and Broken Toes

An effective method of possibly finding relief from a broken toe is referred to as buddy taping. This process involves taping the affected toe to the toe next to it, which helps to provide adequate support as the toe heals. In the days following the injury that caused the fracture, it is important to elevate the foot as often as possible. Elevating the foot may be helpful in reducing any existing swelling. People who frequently engage in cardiovascular exercise may have to choose activities that are low impact. These types of exercises can include swimming and cycling, and are generally effective in keeping the weight off of the toes. If you are experiencing pain from a broken toe while exercising, it is suggested that you speak to a podiatrist who can provide you with additional exercise options.

Broken toes may cause a lot of pain and should be treated as soon as possible. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is a Broken Toe?

A broken toe occurs when one or more of the toe bones of the foot are broken after an injury. Injuries such as stubbing your toe or dropping a heavy object on it may cause a toe fracture.

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

  • Swelling
  • Pain (with/without wearing shoes)
  • Stiffness
  • Nail Injury

Although the injured toe should be monitored daily, it is especially important to have a podiatrist look at your toe if you have severe symptoms. Some of these symptoms include worsening or new pain that is not relieved with medication, sores, redness, or open wounds near the toe.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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04 December 2019

Are You Suffering from Ingrown Toenails?

If left untreated, an ingrown toenail can lead to greater issues. Give us a call, and get treated!

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01 December 2019

An Achilles Tendon Injury May Cause Severe Pain

The part of the body that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone is called the Achilles tendon. This tendon allows the foot to point and flex, and it is necessary for it to function properly in order to walk. It is susceptible to normal wear and tear, and may gradually rupture. This condition is called Achilles tendinosis, and can cause severe pain and discomfort. The noticeable signs that an Achilles tendon injury may have occurred is immediate pain in the calf and surrounding areas, limited mobility, and a popping sound may be heard at the time of the injury. This ailment may happen for a variety of reasons. These can include wearing incorrect shoes for a particular sport, exercising on uneven surfaces, or from medical conditions such as flat feet. Treatment may consist of performing specific stretches that can heal and strengthen the Achilles tendon, in addition to elevating the affected foot, which may reduce existing swelling. It is strongly advised that you consult with a podiatrist if you have endured this type of injury.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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25 November 2019

All You Need to Know About Maintaining Healthy Foot Care

When it comes to foot care, there are a few simple activities you can perform daily to ensure the health of your feet. For starters, it’s important to clean your feet and regularly wash and dry them before putting on shoes and socks. To prevent dryness and possible cracking of the heels or ankles, use a moisturizer daily, preferably one recommended by a podiatrist. Please note, however, to not moisturize between your toes because they will not dry properly. To avoid complications with your toe nails, be sure to cut nails straight across while also avoiding digging into the sides of the nails. Lastly, try to change your shoes everyday. Because the area inside your shoes is dark, wet, and warm, there is a strong chance bacteria and fungus may form if they are not changed regularly. By performing these activities, you may prevent foot odor as well as a variety of conditions such as athlete’s foot and ingrown toenails. If you do experience any issues with your feet, we recommend it is best that you see a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and advised treatment regime.

Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.

It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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18 November 2019

Common Types of Foot Pain

The feet are considered to be the foundation of the body, and may feel aches and pains from performing daily activities. Many types of foot pain can be caused by poor foot structure, or from wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. A common form of pain can be found in the heel, which may be indicative of plantar fasciitis or a heel spur. The condition that is referred to as flat feet may cause pain in the middle of the foot, where the arch would generally be found. Patients have found moderate relief when custom-made insoles are worn, which may provide the support that is needed. Bunions may cause pain as a result of inflammation, and can become irritated as the affected part of the foot rubs against the shoe. If you experience any discomfort in your feet, it is strongly advised that you schedule a consultation with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can determine the cause and offer treatment options.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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11 November 2019

What is PAD?

The medical term that is known as peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is described as excess fatty deposits in the arteries. This condition may inhibit blood supply to the feet, and it may be difficult to walk. Patients who are afflicted with PAD may experience a loss of feeling or a tingling sensation in the feet and legs, open sores which do not heal in a timely fashion, and the nails may become brittle. There are a variety of reasons why this condition may occur. These can consist of smoking, having elevated blood pressure, or being diabetic. Painful symptoms may be gradually diminished when gentle stretching techniques are frequently practiced, in addition to implementing healthy eating habits. If you are suffering from PAD, it is recommended  that you consult with a podiatrist who can help you to manage this ailment.

Peripheral artery disease can pose a serious risk to your health. It can increase the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, consult with one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is when arteries are constricted due to plaque (fatty deposits) build-up. This results in less blood flow to the legs and other extremities. The main cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, in which plaque builds up in the arteries.

Symptoms

Symptoms of PAD include:

  • Claudication (leg pain from walking)
  • Numbness in legs
  • Decrease in growth of leg hair and toenails
  • Paleness of the skin
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Sores and wounds on legs and feet that won’t heel
  • Coldness in one leg

It is important to note that a majority of individuals never show any symptoms of PAD.

Diagnosis

While PAD occurs in the legs and arteries, Podiatrists can diagnose PAD. Podiatrists utilize a test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI). An ABI test compares blood pressure in your arm to you ankle to see if any abnormality occurs. Ultrasound and imaging devices may also be used.

Treatment

Fortunately, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising, managing cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and quitting smoking, can all treat PAD. Medications that prevent clots from occurring can be prescribed. Finally, in some cases, surgery may be recommended.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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04 November 2019

Why Live with Pain and Numbness in Your Feet?

Living with foot pain is hard on your body.  Give us a call and let us find out what's wrong.

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