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28 May 2019

How Obesity Affects Your Feet

As obesity becomes a common issue worldwide, it is important to know the effects it can have on your feet. The most obvious impact is pain in the feet. The more you weigh, the more pressure you are putting on the lower half of your body. This extra weight may result in the arches falling. Once you have fallen arches, a condition called pronation may result. Pronation is when a person walks on the sides of their feet, rather than walking with their feet flat on the ground. Fallen arches and pronation may lead to a wide variety of issues on the feet, ankles, legs, hips and back. Engaging in a healthy lifestyle is the best way to prevent obesity and the slew of foot issues that it may cause.

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<!–><!––><!––>The more you weigh, the harder your feet must work to support your body. If you’re an obese individual and are concerned about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Obesity and Your Feet

People who are overweight are putting more pressure on their ankles, knees, and hips as well as their feet. This unfortunately can lead to variety of different issues.

Problems & Complications Stemming from Obesity

  • <!––><!––>When the body is overweight, it tries to compensate by changing the way that it moves. An obese person may lean forward and put extra weight on the wrong part of the foot. This puts unnecessary stress on the feet.
  • <!––>Obese people are also more likely to develop type II diabetes which is a condition that causes a lot of foot problems. People with diabetes often don’t feel the cuts and sores that they may have on their feet, which can lead to more complicated and severe issues.
  • <!––><!––>Plantar fasciitis is another foot condition that can be caused by obesity. Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the tissue along the bottom of the foot, which causes pain and stiffness while walking and climbing stairs.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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20 May 2019

Lack of Moisture in the Heel Pads May Cause Cracked Heels

The condition that is known as cracked heels is also referred to as thickened heels. There are several reasons why this ailment may develop. These include standing for the majority of the day, wearing shoes that have an open back, or they may form as a result of a vitamin deficiency. If cracked heels are left untreated, severe pain, discomfort and bleeding may exist. They develop when there is a lack of moisture in the fat pad which can cause the skin to become dry and callused. Patients who are obese may suffer from this condition, which causes this ailment to develop from added pressure the heels must endure. Mild relief may be found when the feet are soaked in warm water, followed by using a moisturizer on the heels. This helps to soften dry skin, and can add moisture to the heels. If you are afflicted with cracked heels, please consult with a podiatrist who can offer correct treatment options.

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<!–><!––><!––>If the skin on your feet starts to crack, you may want to see a podiatrist to find treatment. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

It is important to moisturize your cracked heels in order to prevent pain, bleeding, and infection. The reason cracked heels form is because the skin on the foot is too dry to support the immense pressure placed on them. When the foot expands, the dry skin on the foot begins to split.

Ways to Help Heal Them

  • <!––><!––>Invest in a good foot cream
  • <!––><!––>Try Using Petroleum Jelly
  • <!––>Ease up on Soaps
  • <!––><!––>Drink Plenty of Water

Ways to Prevent Cracked Heels

  • <!––>Moisturize After Showering
  • <!––>Skip a Shower
  • <!––>Keep Shower Water Lukewarm
  • <!––><!––>Don’t Scrub Your Feet

If you are unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels, seek guidance from a podiatrist. Your doctor will help you with any questions or information you may need. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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13 May 2019

Possible Reasons Why Bunions May Develop

A bunion is considered to be a deformity of the bone. It appears as a protrusion on the side of the big toe, and is often swollen and painful. It is possible for the foot to change shape, and the style of the shoes may have to be altered. The reasons bunions develop can include genetic factors, wearing shoes that fit incorrectly, or medical conditions such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis. This condition can be treated by using bunion pads or wearing custom made orthotics. These may be helpful in alleviating pressure on the foot that comes from the bunion. If this ailment is causing severe pain and daily activities are difficult to complete, surgery may be a consideration for permanent removal of the bunion. Please consult with a podiatrist if you are afflicted with a bunion, and would like additional treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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08 May 2019

Reminder: When was the last time…?

Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!

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06 May 2019

Are There Benefits from Working on Your Feet?

Research has indicated there are benefits from working while standing or moving about for the majority of the day. As each step is taken, circulation may improve, and blood glucose levels are positively affected. Additionally, standing and walking can contribute to cardiovascular health. It is helpful to rest the feet periodically during the day, and this may help to prevent possible foot pain. The feet can be properly stretched as the toes are pointed and flexed, and this is easily accomplished as the feet are resting. People in the nursing profession often have long hours, and their jobs have the potential to be physically demanding. It is recommended that shoes are alternated twice per year, and adding insoles may aid in providing maximum comfort. Please consult with a podiatrist if you would like additional information about proper foot care during the work day.

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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29 April 2019

Can Falling Be Prevented?

Falling is common among older individuals, and can cause serious injuries. It is important to learn why falls occur, and it may be wise to implement methods that help to prevent falling. These include practicing a regular exercise routine which aids in maintaining strength and balance, and wearing shoes that fit correctly. Additionally, it is beneficial to keep your living environment free of clutter and installing handrails in the shower area to prevent unwanted slips from occurring. Many patients find it advantageous to have frequent eye examinations performed, and this may enable them to see items on the floor that can cause tripping. If you would like information about how falling can affect the feet, it is advised that you speak to a podiatrist.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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23 April 2019

Possible Causes of Foot Pain

If you have pain and discomfort on the outside of your foot, this is referred to as lateral foot pain. It may be difficult to stand and walk and can occur from a variety of reasons. These include inflammation of the tendons, pinched nerves, or stress fractures in the foot or ankle. Additional symptoms include tenderness and swelling in the affected area, and it may be common for ankle sprains to occur. Other types of foot pain can come from cuboid syndrome, bunions, and arthritis. If the cuboid bone becomes dislocated, the inflammation that develops will cause a condition that is known as cuboid syndrome. Bunions can be quite painful as weight is put on a portion of the foot to compensate for the protrusion on the side of the big toe. Rheumatoid arthritis will typically affect joints in the ankle and can cause extreme pain. If you are experiencing any type of foot pain, it is advised that you schedule a consultation with a podiatrist who can properly diagnosis and treat any type of foot pain.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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15 April 2019

Symptoms of Ingrown Toenails

An ingrown toenail can cause discomfort in the foot. The symptoms that are associated with ingrown toenails include reddened skin surrounding the affected nail, discharge from the affected toe, and extreme sensitivity when that part of the foot is touched. This condition may develop due to a variety of reasons, including toenails that have been trimmed incorrectly, wearing shoes that are too tight, or a possible injury that has occurred to the toe. It is important to treat ingrown toenails promptly. Comfort may be found when properly fitting shoes are worn, socks are changed frequently, and the feet are washed daily. If the toenail should become infected, an effective method for complete relief may be to have the nail partially or totally removed. An ingrown toenail can be quite painful. If you feel you have this condition, seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can properly diagnose and treat your condition.

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<!–><!––><!––>Ingrown toenails may initially present themselves as a minor discomfort, but they may progress into an infection in the skin without proper treatment. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails are caused when the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh surrounding it. They often result in redness, swelling, pain, and in some cases, infection. This condition typically affects the big toe and may recur if it is not treated properly.

Causes

  • <!––><!––>Improper toenail trimming
  • <!––><!––>Genetics
  • <!––><!––>Improper shoe fitting
  • <!––><!––>Injury from pedicures or nail picking
  • <!––><!––>Abnormal gait
  • <!––><!––>Poor hygiene

You are more likely to develop an ingrown toenail if you are obese, have diabetes, arthritis, or have any fungal infection in your nails. Additionally, people who have foot or toe deformities are at a higher risk of developing an ingrown toenail.

Symptoms

Some symptoms of ingrown toenails are redness, swelling, and pain. In rare cases, there may be a yellowish drainage coming from the nail.

Treatment

Ignoring an ingrown toenail can have serious complications. Infections of the nail border can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection, which can then turn into a bone infection. You should always speak with your podiatrist if you suspect you have an ingrown toenail, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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08 April 2019

Possible Ways to Prevent Toenail Fungus

The condition that is known as toenail fungus is a fungal infection that may attack one or more of the toenails. There may be existing medical conditions that may precede the development of this ailment, including diabetes, nail psoriasis, or a weakened immune system. The fungus that causes this condition typically thrives in moist and warm environments. These may include public pools, shower room floors, and surrounding areas. It typically enters the body through small cuts in the skin, or may lodge in between the nail and the nail bed. There are several symptoms that are associated with toenail fungus. These may include a change in nail texture and color, pain when the nail is touched, or it may easily break. There are measures that can be implemented which may prevent this ailment from occurring. These may include wearing appropriate footwear while in public areas, choosing to wear shoes that are made of breathable materials, and keeping the nails clean and trimmed. If you have developed toenail fungus, it is suggested that you schedule a consultation with a podiatrist who can properly diagnosis and treat this condition.

For more information about treatment, contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.

Antifungals & Deterrence

Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.

Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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01 April 2019

Types of Foot Pain

The majority of people will endure foot pain at some point in their lives. There are many different types of foot pain, and many ailments may be caused by wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. These conditions may include bunions, which may be a result of wearing shoes that may not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Additionally, ingrown toenails may develop if the nails are not trimmed properly or are cut too short. Heel pain may be indicative of plantar fasciitis, and may be a result of inflammation and irritation that has occurred to the plantar fascia. Many patients may develop corns, and this may be the body’s natural defense against possibly preventing a blister from forming. If you are experiencing any type of foot pain, it is advised to seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can properly diagnosis and treat foot conditions.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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